Tags: GS Mains Paper 2, Indian polity, various constitutional posts
GS Prelims Paper 1, Indian Polity
• The Indian President is the head of the state.
• He is the first citizen of India and is a symbol of solidarity, unity, and integrity of the nation.
• He is a part of Union Executive along with the Vice-President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, and Attorney-General of India.
• Term of office is 5 years. Re-election is allowed any number of times.
Eligibility criteria for President Election
• A citizen of India.
• Qualified for election to be member of Lok Sabha.
• Should be at least 35 years of age.
• Should not hold any office of profit under a public authority in any union, state and local body in India.
How is President elected?
• There is no direct election for the Indian President. An electoral college elects him. The electoral college responsible for President’s elections comprises elected members of
♦ Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
♦ Legislative Assemblies of the states (Legislative Councils have no role)
♦ Legislative Assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry
• The Constitution provides that there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of different states as well as parity between the states as a whole and the Union at the election of the President.
• The value of vote of a M.L.A. and M.P. in such that, there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of different states and union at the election of the president
♦ Value of vote of a M.L.A. = Total population of state / total number of elected members in the state legislative assembly x 100.
♦ Value of vote of a M.P. = total value of votes of all MLAs of all state / Total number of elected number of parliament.
Who does not take part in the President’s elections?
• Nominated Members of Lok Sabha (2) and Rajya Sabha (12)
• Nominated Members of State Legislative Assemblies
• Members of Legislative Councils (Both elected and nominated) in bicameral legislatures
• Nominated Members of union territories of Delhi and Puducherry
Dispute relating to the President Election
• According to Article 71 of the Constitution, all doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with the election of a president or vice President shall be inquired into and decided by the Supreme court whose decision shall be final
• If the election of a person as President or Vice President is declared void by the Supreme court, acts done by him in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of the office of President or Vice President, as the case may be, on or before the date of the decision of the Supreme Court shall not be invalidated by reason of that declaration.
• The election of a person as President or Vice President shall not be called in question on the ground of the existence of any vacancy for whatever reason among the members of the electoral college electing him.