Tags: GS Mains Paper 2 International Relation, International Organization.
Prelims GS Paper 1 International Organization
• The Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC) was established on November 10, 2000, at Vientiane, Laos at the First MGC Ministerial Meeting.
• It comprises six member countries, India and five ASEAN countries namely Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
• The four areas of cooperation are tourism, culture, education, and transportation.
• The organization takes its name from the Ganga and the Mekong, two large rivers in the region.
• To facilitate closer contacts among people inhabiting these two (Ganga and Mekong) major civilisational river basins and enhancing cooperation in a cult.
• The MGC aims at developing closer relations and better understanding among the member countries to enhance friendship, solidarity and cooperation.
• Facilitating inter-state movement and transit.
• Transport of goods and people in the region.
• Creating necessary infrastructural facilities in the Ganga-Mekong basin areas
• Encouraging active participation in poverty eradication.
MGC Working Mechanism
• The working mechanism of Mekong – Ganga Cooperation consists of the Annual Ministerial Meetings, Senior Officials Meetings (SOM) and 5 working groups. These 5 working groups look after the cooperative areas of MGC.
♦ Working group of Education
♦ Working group of Tourism
♦ Working group of Culture
♦ Working group of Plans of Action
♦ Working group of Communication
Mekong Ganga Cooperation Plan of Action 2019-22
• The Mekong Ganga Cooperation Plan of Action (PoA) 2019-22 was adopted by the members in the 10th MGC Ministerial Meeting was held in Bangkok, Thailand.
• This Plan of Action implements the goals and objectives of the MGC Partnership for the next three years (2019-2022) by laying out activities to be undertaken by all parties to further deepen and enhance cooperation in the MGC priority sectors.
• It envisages project-based cooperation among member countries in various areas including tourism and culture, education, Public Health and Traditional Medicine, Agriculture and Allied Sectors, Water Resources Management, Science and Technology, Transport and Communications, MSMEs, Skill Development and Capacity Building, Quick Impact Projects Scheme.