Tags: GS Mains Paper 2 International Relation, International Organization.
Prelims GS Paper 1 International Organization
• United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), organization established to guide and coordinate environmental activities within the United Nations (UN) system.
• It was founded as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 1972.
• Headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya.
• UNEP's structure includes eight divisions -
♦ Science Division: aims to provide scientifically credible environmental assessments and information for sustainable development. It is in charge of the monitoring and reporting of the environment regarding the 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals.
♦ Policy and Programme Division: makes the policy and programme of the UNEP. This division ensures other divisions are coordinated.
♦ Ecosystems Division: supports countries in conserving, restoring and managing their ecosystems. It addresses the environmental causes and consequences of disasters and conflicts.
♦ Economy Division: tries to get large businesses to be more environmentally conscious. It has three main branches: Chemicals and Health, Energy and Climate, and Resources and Markets.
♦ Governance Affairs Office: The office serves UNEP's governing body, the United Nations Environment Assembly, and its subsidiary organ, the Committee of Permanent Representatives, and manages their meetings. It helps strengthen the visibility, authority and impact of the Assembly as an authoritative voice on the environment.
♦ Law Division: helps to develop environmental law. Works with countries to combat environmental crime and to meet international environmental commitments. The law division aims to improve cooperation between lawmakers around the world who are making environmental laws.
♦ Communication Division: develops and disseminates UNEP's messages. It delivers them to governments to individuals through the digital and traditional media channels.
♦ Corporate Services Division: handles UNEP's corporate interests such as management and exposure to financial risk.
• UNEP hosts the secretariats of several multilateral environmental agreements and research bodies, including The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), The Minamata Convention on Mercury, The Convention on Migratory Species and The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
• In 1988, the World Meteorological Organization and UNEP established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
• UNEP is also one of several Implementing Agencies for the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
• As a member of the United Nations Development Group, UNEP aims to help the world meet the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
• It promotes environmental science and related information.
• It finances and implements developmental projects related to the environment.
Major Programmes of the UNEP
• Clean up the World
• Billion Tree Campaign
• World Environment Day (June 5th)
• Earth Hour
• Seal the Deal
• Pain for the Planet
• Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL)
• Faith for Earth
Major Reports of the UNEP
• Emission Gap Report
• Global Environment Outlook
• Invest into Healthy Planet.
|Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
• IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations.
• It was first established in 1988 by two United Nations organizations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
• IPCC reports cover all relevant information to understand the risk of human-induced climate change, its potential impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation.
• The 2007 Nobel Peace Prize was shared, in two equal parts, between the IPCC and an American Environmentalist.