Articles

Articles

Admin 24 Jul 2021
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), organization established to guide and coordinate environmental activities within the United Nations (UN) system.

Admin 24 Jul 2021
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 28 European countries and 2 North American countries. 

Admin 24 Jul 2021
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

   The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001.

Admin 24 Jul 2021
Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC)

The Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC) was established on November 10, 2000, at Vientiane, Laos at the First MGC Ministerial Meeting. 

Admin 24 Jul 2021
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

 The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is an agreement between the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and its free trade agreement (FTA) partners. 

Admin 24 Jul 2021
Strategic impact of ‘Hot Pursuit’ & ‘Surgical Strikes’

The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. These terms have become part of popular discourse in India since the time the Indian military carried out the counter-terror operation

Admin 24 Jul 2021
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

Admin 23 Jul 2021
Adjournment motion

Adjournment motion is aimed to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance having serious consequences and with regard to which a motion or a resolution with proper notice will be too late. 

Admin 23 Jul 2021
India’s bid for permanent seat in the UNSC

India has been seeking a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council as a member of the G4, an organization composed of Brazil, Germany, Japan, and India, all who are currently seeking permanent representation.

Admin 23 Jul 2021
Question Hour

Generally, the first hour of a sitting of National Assembly is devoted to Questions and that hour is called the Question Hour. 

Admin 23 Jul 2021
No-Confidence Motion

 Article 75 of the Constitution says that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. It means that the ministry stays in office so long as it enjoys confidence of the majority of the members of the Lok Sabha. 

Admin 23 Jul 2021
Committee on Subordinate Legislation

Rajya Sabha Committee on Subordinate Legislation was first constituted in 1964. 

Admin 23 Jul 2021
Ninth Schedule of the Constitution

The Schedule became a part of the Constitution in 1951, when the document was amended for the first time. 

Admin 23 Jul 2021
Committee on government assurance

 It was in 1953, the first Committee on Government Assurances was constituted by the Speaker in the Lok Sabha for systematic follow-up of Ministerial assurances.

Admin 22 Jul 2021
Virtual private network (VPN)

 A virtual private network (VPN) is an encrypted connection over the Internet from a device to a network.

Admin 22 Jul 2021
Internet Protocol (IP)

The Internet Protocol (IP) is a protocol, or set of rules, for routing and addressing packets of data so that they can travel across networks and arrive at the correct destination. To achieve this, IP includes methods and structures for putting tags (addr

Admin 22 Jul 2021
INS Astradharini

INS Astradharini is an indigenously designed and built torpedo launch and recovery vessel built by Shoft Shipyard for the Indian Navy. 

Admin 22 Jul 2021
Genetically modified crops (GM crops)

GM is a technology that involves inserting DNA into the genome of an organism. To produce a GM plant, new DNA is transferred into plant cells.

Admin 22 Jul 2021
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information between autonomous systems (AS) on the Internet. 

Admin 22 Jul 2021
Belle II experiment

 The High Energy Accelerator Research Organisation (KEK) in Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, completed the Belle-II experiment. 

Admin 21 Jul 2021
The Cauvery River (Kaveri)

The Cauvery River (Kaveri) is the 3rd largest river after Godavari and Krishna in South India after and the largest in the State of Tamil Nadu, which, on its course, bisects the state into North and South. 

Admin 21 Jul 2021
Milam Glacier

Milam Glacier is a major glacier of the Kumaon Himalaya. It is located in the tehsil of Munsiyari, part of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, India, about 15 kms north-east of Nanda Devi.

Admin 21 Jul 2021
Indian Forest Act, 1927

The Indian Forest Act, 1927- was enacted to ‘consolidate the law related to forest, the transit of forest produce, and the duty liable on timber and other forest produce’. 

Admin 21 Jul 2021
Extended producer responsibility (EPR) 

Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is an environmental protection strategy aimed at decreasing total environmental impact from a product and its packaging, by ensuring that the producers of the product take responsibility for the entire lifecycle of t

Admin 21 Jul 2021
Environment Protection Act, 1986

Environment Protection Act, 1986 Act of the Parliament of India. Act was enacted under Article 253 of the Constitution. 

Admin 21 Jul 2021
Bara Shigri Glacier 

 Bara Shigri (literally "Great Glacier") is a glacier located in Lahaul & Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, India. 

Admin 21 Jul 2021
Bandarpunch glacier

Bandarpunch which literally means ‘monkey’s tail’, is a glacier which lies in the western Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. 

Admin 21 Jul 2021
John Rawls’ theory of justice

All cultures and traditions have interpreted the concept of justice in different ways. For instance, in ancient Indian society, justice was associated with dharma and maintaining dharma or a just social order, was considered to be a primary duty of kings.

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Subsidiary Alliance

The terms "Subsidiary Alliance" was 1st introduced by French Governor Dupleix. 

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Sthanakavasi

Sthanakavasi is a sect of Svetambara Jainism founded by Lavaji in 1653 AD.

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai born on 28 January 1865, in Punjab, was an Indian independence activist. 

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Aurobindo Ghose

Aurobindo Ghose also known as Sri Aurobindo was an Indian philosopher, yogi, maharishi, maharishi, poet, and Indian nationalist. He was also a journalist, editing newspapers like Bande Mataram.

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Bani Thani

 Bani Thani is an Indian painting in the Kishangarh school of paintings, painted by Nihal chand. 

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Charles Wood’s Despatch

 Sir Charles Wood was the President of the Board of Control, played an important role in spreading English learning and female education in India. 

Admin 20 Jul 2021
Coastal sand mining and its impact

Sand is a granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral. Composition of sand is highly variable, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical co

Admin 19 Jul 2021
National Pension System (NPS)

The National Pension System (NPS) is a voluntary defined contribution pension system in India. 

Admin 19 Jul 2021
National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)

National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) is India’s 1st infrastructure specific investment fund or a sovereign wealth fund that was set up by the Government of India in February 2015. 

Admin 19 Jul 2021
National Intellectual Property Rights Policy

 The National IPR Policy is a vision document that encompasses and brings to a single platform all IPRs.

Admin 19 Jul 2021
Gross National Product (GNP)

Gross National Product (GNP) is the total value of all finished goods and services produced by a country’s citizens in a given financial year, irrespective of their location. 

Admin 19 Jul 2021
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the National Standards Body of India under Department of Consumer affairs, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India.

Admin 19 Jul 2021
AGMARK

AGMARK is a certification mark for agricultural produce, assuring that they conform to a grade standard notified by Directorate of Marketing & Inspection (DMI), Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers

Admin 19 Jul 2021
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE CONSTITUTION

The Constitution of India is a very dynamic creation of our lawmakers., Modern Constitution, Longest known Constitutions of the World, More flexible than rigid one, Reconciliation of written Constitution with Parliamentary sovereignty, Role of convention

Admin 19 Jul 2021
Salient Features of World’s Physical Geography.

The major forms of study within physical geography, Geomorphology, Glaciology, Coastal geography, Climatology, Biogeography

Admin 19 Jul 2021
Linkages between Development and Spread of Extremism

Extremism in India, Objectives of extremism, From radicalization to violent extremism, Developmental issues related to rise and spread of extremism, LEFT WING EXTREMISM, Initiatives for LWE Affected States

Admin 19 Jul 2021
The Salient Aspects of Art Forms: from Ancient to Modern times

3 major constitute of art, Painting, Sculpting, Architecture, Ancient Indian Painting Tradition, Cave Painting, Medieval Indian Painting, Akbar, Successor Schools of Miniature painting 

Admin 19 Jul 2021
Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology

Contemporary Notable Scientists from India, Ashoke Sen, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Professor C. S. Unnikrishnan, White Revolution, Green Revolution, Satellite and Communication Revolution, Drugs and vaccines manufacturing, IT Revolution and Railway Compute

Admin 17 Jul 2021
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovermental The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia.

Admin 17 Jul 2021
New Development Bank (NDB)

National development bank is a multilateral development bank operated by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). It headquartered at Shanghai, China.

Admin 17 Jul 2021
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a regional, intergovernmental political and economic union of six oil-exporting countries of the Persian Gulf that is also known as the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf.

Admin 17 Jul 2021
Doctors Without Borders

Doctors Without Borders also known as Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in French.

Admin 17 Jul 2021
Kurds

 Kurds or Kurdish people are an Iranian ethnic and linguistic group native to a mountainous region of Western Asia known as Kurdistan, which spans south-eastern Turkey, north-western Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria.

Admin 17 Jul 2021
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is an inter-governmental forum in the Pacific Rim that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. 

Admin 17 Jul 2021
India’s Plan to have its own space station

India is planning to establish its own space station by 2023 and the modalities will be worked out after its first manned space mission, Gaganyaan, is complete.

Admin 16 Jul 2021
Minimum Support Price

 The MSP-based procurement by the government has its origin in the rationing system introduced by the British during World War II. A department of food came up in 1942. 

Admin 16 Jul 2021
The Business Advisory Committee of Lok Sabha

The Committee is composed of 15 members including the Speaker.

Admin 16 Jul 2021
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), was launched on 15th July, 2015 (World Youth Skills Day).

Admin 16 Jul 2021
Money Bill

 Article 110 of the Indian constitution deals with the definition of money bills. 

Admin 16 Jul 2021
National commission to review the working of the constitution

 The National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (NCRWC) was set up by a resolution of the Government of India in 2000. 

Admin 16 Jul 2021
Election of President of India

The Indian President is the head of the state. 

Admin 16 Jul 2021
Leader of Opposition

In the year 1977- The leaders of opposition in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha were given statutory recognition. 

Admin 15 Jul 2021
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)

The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is an expendable, third generation, medium-lift launch vehicle designed and operated by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). 

Admin 15 Jul 2021
Organic light-emitting diode

An organic light-emitting diode also known as organic electroluminescent (organic EL) diode, is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current. 

Admin 15 Jul 2021
3D printing

 3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file.

Admin 15 Jul 2021
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)

Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) is an expendable space launch vehicle designed, developed, and operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to launch satellites and other space objects into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits. 

Admin 15 Jul 2021
M-STrIPES

 M-STrIPES, short for Monitoring System for Tigers - Intensive Protection and Ecological Status is a software-based monitoring system launched across Indian tiger reserves by the Indian government.

Admin 15 Jul 2021
Biological oxygen demand (BOD)

Biological oxygen demand (BOD) represents the amount of oxygen consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms while they decompose organic matter under aerobic (oxygen is present) conditions at a specified temperature.

Admin 15 Jul 2021
Official Secrets Act

Official Secrets Act has its roots in the British colonial era. The original version was The Indian Official Secrets Act (Act XIV), 1889. It was enacted with the main objective of muzzling the voice of a large number of newspapers that had come up in seve

Admin 13 Jul 2021
Ecological, Economical and Social Benefits of Organic Farming

Organic farming is a type of agriculture or farming which avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, and livestock feed additives, Ecological and Economical benefits of Organic farming

Admin 13 Jul 2021
Attorney General: the Chief legal adviser & lawyer of the GoI

The Attorney General (AG) of India is the highest law officer in the country. Article 76 of the Constitution has provided for the office of the Attorney General for India.

Admin 12 Jul 2021
Probity in governance

The concept of the state occupies a central place in discourses on politics and administration. Government is a critical and inseparable element of the state.

Admin 12 Jul 2021
Soil Health Card Scheme (SHC)

Soil Health Card Scheme is a scheme launched by the by the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India on 19 February 2015.

Admin 12 Jul 2021
Treasury bill

Treasury bills, also known as T-bills, are short term money market instruments.

Admin 12 Jul 2021
National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL)

Admin 12 Jul 2021
Indian Banks' Association (IBA)

Indian Banks' Association (IBA), an association of Indian banks and financial institutions, was formed on 26 September 1946 in Mumbai as a representative body of management of banking operating in India.

Admin 12 Jul 2021
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBM Act), 2003

The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBM Act), 2003, establishes financial discipline to reduce fiscal deficit, improve microeconomic management and strengthen fiscal prudence.

Admin 12 Jul 2021
Agriculture and processed food production export Development Authority (APEDA)

Agriculture and processed food production export Development Authority (APEDA) is an apex body that promotes export trade of agricultural products in India.

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation

Under the Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017, wetlands are defined as ‘an area of marsh, fen, peatland or water;

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Bali Ministerial Package

The Bali Package is a trade agreement resulting from the 9th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Bali, Indonesia on 3 to 7 December 2013.

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)

The TFA is the WTO’s first-ever multilateral accord that aim to simplify customs regulations for the cross border movement of goods.

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Nuclear Security Summit (NSS)

The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) is a world summit, aimed to prevent non-state actors, particularly terrorists, from acquiring nuclear material around the globe.

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS)

The Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) is a series of biennial meetings, held between the littoral states of the Indian Ocean region, to enhance maritime cooperation among navies of the member states, by providing an open and inclusive forum for discussi

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Broad Based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA)

A free trade agreement between India and European Union (EU) had launched, officially called broad-based Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA).

Admin 10 Jul 2021
Chabahar Port

Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar located on the Makran coast of Sistan and Baluchistan Province, next to the Gulf of Oman and at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz.

Admin 09 Jul 2021
Sarkaria commission

In 1983, the Central government appointed a three-member Commission on Centre-state relations under the chairmanship of R.S. Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court. The other members of the committee were Shri B. Sivaraman and Dr. S.R. Sen.

Admin 09 Jul 2021
NITI Aayog

The NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) was established as the successor to the planning commission.

Admin 09 Jul 2021
Rajamannar committee

In September 1969, the DMK Government of Tamil Nadu appointed a three member committee under the chairmanship of Dr. P.V. Rajamannar to consider the entire question of Centre-state relations.

Admin 09 Jul 2021
Ad hoc committees

Broadly, parliamentary committees are of two kinds–Standing Committees and Ad Hoc Committees.

Admin 09 Jul 2021
Appointment of Governor

Articles 153 to 167 in Part VI of the Constitution deal with the state executive. The state executive consists of the governor, the chief minister, the council of ministers and the advocate general of the state.

Admin 08 Jul 2021
Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll is a green pigment found in plants. Chlorophyll is essential in photosynthesis, allowing plants to absorb energy from light.

Admin 22 Jun 2021
Lord Curzon’s policies and their impact on the Indian National Movement

Curzon was convinced of the necessity and urgency of a thorough reform of the entire administrative machinery.

Admin 22 Jun 2021
National Highways Authority of India

In a bid to ensure that workers had a strong reason to stay back despite COVID-19 challengers, contractors working on National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) projects worked overtime.

Admin 22 Jun 2021
Urbanization, Problems, and their Remedies

Reasons for Growth of Urbanisation in India, Problems associated with Urbanisation, as per UN projections in 2020, by 2050, 68% of the world population is expected to live in urban areas

Admin 22 Jun 2021
Gandhi-Irwin Pact

The Gandhi-Irwin Pact was concluded between Mahatma Gandhi and the then viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 5th March 1931.

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Positive Attitude

Attitude is a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour or disfavour.

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Lead Bank Scheme

The Lead Bank Scheme, introduced towards the end of 1969, envisages assignment of lead roles to individual banks (both in public sector and private sector) for the districts allotted to them

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Certificate of Deposits

The Certificate of deposit was first introduced in 1989 on the recommendation of the Vaghul Committee.

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Banks Board Bureau (BBB)

Banks Board Bureau (BBB) is an autonomous body of the Government of India tasked to Search and Select apposite personages for Board of Public Sector Banks, Public Sector

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Promissory Note

A promissory note, sometimes referred to as a note payable, is a legal instrument, in which one party promises in writing to pay a determinate sum of money to the other, either at a fixed or determinable future time or on demand of the payee, under speci

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Participatory Note

A participatory note is an instrument issued by a registered foreign institutional investor (FII) to an overseas investor who wishes to invest in Indian stock markets without registering themselves with the market regulator, SEBI

Admin 20 Jun 2021
Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR)

CRR is the percentage of money, which a bank has to keep with RBI in the form of cash.

Admin 19 Jun 2021
Deepor Beel

The Assam government has proposed the realignment of a broad gauge railway line through the Deepor Beel, an ‘Important Bird Area’ designated under the Ramsar Convention of Wetlands.

Admin 19 Jun 2021
Role of ethics & values in enhancing human capital, soft power and social harmony

Ethics may be defined as the systematic study of human actions from the point of view of their rightfulness or wrongfulness

Admin 18 Jun 2021
Aadhaar

Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identity number that can be obtained voluntarily by residents or passport holders of India, based on their biometric and demographic data.

Admin 18 Jun 2021
MPLADS

The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD) was launched on 23rd December in 1993 to enable Members of Parliament (MPs)

Admin 18 Jun 2021
National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)

National Legal Services Authority of India (NALSA) was formed on 9 November 1995 under the authority of the Legal Services Authorities Act 1987.

Admin 18 Jun 2021
Judicial Review

Judicial review is a process under which executive or legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary.

Admin 18 Jun 2021
Seventh Schedule of Indian Constitution

The constitutional provisions in India on the subject of distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States are defined under several articles.

Admin 17 Jun 2021
Shenzhou-12

Shenzhou-12, meaning ‘Divine Vessel’, will be the third of 11 missions needed to complete China's space station by 2022.

Admin 17 Jun 2021
Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian Society?

Caste has for long been viewed as a distinctive feature of Indian society. It is not merely an institution that characterizes the structure of social stratification in India.

Admin 17 Jun 2021
Anaphylaxis

A government panel studying COVID-19 vaccine side effects have confirmed the first death, due to anaphylaxis, following COVID-19 vaccination.

Admin 16 Jun 2021
Desertification

It is the process through which fertile and productive land become degraded and unfit for useful activities like agriculture.

Admin 16 Jun 2021
Circum- Pacific Zone

The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt/Zone, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Its length is approximately 40,000 kilometers.

Admin 16 Jun 2021
Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are tubes made of carbon with diameters typically measured in nanometers.

Admin 16 Jun 2021
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

Admin 16 Jun 2021
Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

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