Date : 27 Dec 2021
Mission IndradhanushTags :
Why in News?
- Full immunization coverage among children aged 12 to 23 months increases to 76.4 percent.
- It was launched in December 2014 to strengthen and re-energize the program and achieve full immunization coverage for all children and pregnant women at a rapid pace.
- The ultimate goal of Mission Indradhanush is to ensure full immunization with all available vaccines for children up to two years of age and pregnant women.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI)
- To further intensify the immunization program Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) was launched on October 8, 2017.
- This program of India aims to reach every child up to two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunization program/UIP.
- Intensified Mission Indradhanush has covered low-performing areas in the selected districts (high priority districts) and urban areas.
- Special attention was given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-center and urban slums with migratory populations.
- The focus was also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
- Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 was launched to ensure reaching the unreached with all available vaccines and accelerate the coverage of children and pregnant women in the identified districts and blocks from December 2019-March 2020.
- Several ministries, including the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Panchayati Raj, Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Youth Affairs, and others have come together to make the mission a resounding success and support the central government in ensuring the benefits of vaccines reach the last mile.
The salient features of IMI 2.0 are:
- Conduction of four rounds of immunization activity over 7 working days excluding Sundays, and holidays.
- Enhanced immunization sessions with flexible timing, mobile session, and mobilization by other departments.
- Enhanced focus on left-outs, dropouts, and resistant families, and hard-to-reach areas.
- Focus on urban, underserved population and tribal areas.
- Inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination.
- Enhance political, administrative, and financial commitment, through advocacy.
- IMI 2.0 drive is being conducted in the selected districts and urban cities between Dec 2019 – March 2020
Sources: News on AIR, nhp.gov.in.