Mains Question for UPSC Aspirants

Mains Question for UPSC Aspirants

17 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-3 Current Affairs 
Question :

Elucidate the causes behind the dismal situation of road safety in India and also, enumerate the initiatives taken by the government to address the concern of road safety.

[GS Mains Paper II & III]

Hint: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/rajkot/road-safety-meet-concerned-over-overspeeding/articleshow/84485908.cms

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16 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 INDIAN POLITY 
Question :

“Special laws like the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act are needed to meet the challenges that emerge from violence; however their application requires the constant assessment.” Comment

[GS Mains Paper II]

Hint: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/interference-an-investigating-officer-can-do-without/article35352240.ece

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15 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE   
Question :

How far do you think that India needs a policy for the regulation of its population?

[GS Mains Paper II]


Hint: The Hindu

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14 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-3 INDIAN ECONOMY 
Question :

Highlight the significance of the Public Distribution System in India and also discuss the challenges associated with respect to the implementation of the ' One Nation One Ration Card' initiative.

[GS Mains Paper III]

Hint: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/one-nation-one-ration-card-scheme-makes-food-security-portable-centre-tells-sc/article34810261.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/one-nation-one-ration-card-system-explained-6410179/

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13 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 INDIAN POLITY   
Question :

“Article 15 (1) of the Indian Constitution prohibits the state from discrimination against individuals on the basis of certain protected characteristics but it does not bar private individuals or institutions from doing what the state is not permitted to.” Elaborate.

[GS Mains Paper II]

Hint: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-kerala-model-for-an-anti-discrimination-law/article35270240.ece
https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/what-is-article-15-constitutional-provision-at-the-heart-of-a-brewing-controversy/1618324/

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12 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 INDIAN POLITY 
Question :

Some political experts have questioned the need for carving out the cooperative ministry since there was already a department of cooperation. Do you think the move of creating a separate ministry has any administrative significance or it is just a political move?

[GS Mains Paper II]

Hint: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/cooperative-spirit-the-hindu-editorial-on-the-new-union-ministry-of-cooperation/article35270173.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-a-cooperation-ministry-7395784/

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10 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 INDIAN POLITY     
Question :

“A right delayed is a right denied.” In the backdrop of this statement critically analyse the pendency of cases in Indian courts.

(GS Mains Paper II)

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
‘Justice delayed is justice denied’ is a legal maxim meaning that if a legal remedy is available for a party that has suffered some injury, but is not forthcoming promptly, it is effectively the same as having no remedy at all.
This principle is the basis for the right to a speedy trial and similar rights which are meant to expedite the legal system because it is unfair for the victim to have to sustain the injury with little hope for resolution.
The following are the factors which are arguably responsible behind the delay in justice:
  • Corruption: Widespread corruption, particularly in lower judiciary, often results in higher pendency of cases in the courts. The corrupt judges may deliberately don’t announce their judgment or grant unfair adjournments to the party they favour. There may be personal bias or belief to sustain the judgment.
  • Continuous Vacancies: There are persisting vacancies against the sanctioned strengths of courts and in the worst performing states those vacancies have exceeded by the substantial amount of percentage.
  • Abysmal state of subordinate judiciary: Apparently, district courts in our country are suffering owing to the inadequate infrastructure and dismal working conditions.
  • Government, the Biggest Litigant:  Poorly drafted orders have resulted in contested tax revenues equal to 4.7 per cent of the GDP and it is rising.
  • Inadequate budgetary allocation: The budget allocated to the judiciary is between 0.08 and 0.09 per cent of the GDP. Only four countries — Japan, Norway, Australia and Iceland have a lesser budget allocation; but they do not have problems of pendency like India.
The following are the steps that can be taken to improve the prevailing situation of the judicial system:
  • Augmentation of the strength of Judicial Service: One of the effective solutions can be to substantially increase the strength of the judicial services by appointing more judges at the subordinate level.
  • An optimum level of budgeting: Various appointments and the necessary infrastructure require the funds and this need can be met with the adequate Level of budgeting.
  • Correcting Historical Inequalities: Reforms in Judiciary should also encompass addressing social inequalities within the judiciary. Women judges, and judges from historically-marginalised castes and classes must finally be given a fair share of seats at the table.
The recommendations of the Fifteenth Finance Commission and the India Justice Report 2020 have raised the issue and suggested ways to earmark and deploy funds. Courts are sitting on a pendency bomb and it has never been more urgent to strengthen the subordinate judiciary.
So, purse strings must be loosened and necessary policy decisions must be effectuated rapidly at both Centre and state levels, if access to justice is to be meaningful in the years to come.


09 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE       
Question : Discuss the impact of technology on the lives of women in India.

(GS Mains; Paper 1 & Paper 3)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
Technology in the era of globalization has changed the lives of millions of women all around the world. This is true not only for those women who are living in the developed countries but also for those who are living in developing countries.
Impact of Technology on Women
Technology is a double-edged sword for women because, on the one hand, it has empowered women in positive ways but on the other hand, it has also made them vulnerable in some areas.
The positive impact of technology on women as be seen in the following ways:
A Platform for Expression: Technology has enabled women to express themselves freely to play an active role in the development of themselves and at the same time contribute to the overall well- being of the society at large. For example, Mission Mangal by the ISRO was led by women scientists.
Way to Empower: Technology has also empowered women to develop their own distinct identities and break the glass ceiling. Through the use of technology, they can reach out to any authority in order to fulfil their needs. For example, the #Me_too movement has shown that technology can help women to share their personal experiences.
Financial Enabler: For rural women, technology has provided new opportunities to express themselves and use it for education purposes, strengthening their economic position, finding new job opportunities etc. Technology such as DTH has made it possible for female farmers to get aware of new technology and apply it for agricultural productivities and find the right price for farm produce. Technological advancement in the Banking sector has enabled women from rural areas to get financial services without any hurdle.
Last but not the least, technology makes women participate in the world as equals.
Although technology contributes in a positive way as mentioned earlier there are certain challenges that come with the increasing uses of technology for women.
Victims of Online Abuses: On average 95% of women have reported that they have faced sexual abuse over online platforms.
Lack of Equal Access to Technology: This has also placed women in a disadvantageous position. According to the CMIS survey, only 39 % of women have their own mobile handset. Women also lack sufficient information and skills required to get the best out of technology.
The Social Stigma Attached to Women using Internet Service: Has also affected women technological empowerment in a negative way. A notion like women have to handle housework and men will become bread earners restricts their chances of getting technological know-how.
In a nutshell, it can be observed that technology is an enabler for many women in order to achieve a good and prosperous life, but there requires addressing those challenges which are acting against the interest of women and their relationship with technology. Central government initiatives such as Vigyan Joyti, web wander women etc are the good step in the right direction.


08 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 GOVERNANCE 
Question : “Turning the focus on women and improving access to information and services leads to better health outcomes.” Comment.

[GS Mains Paper II]
Hint: The Hindu
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07 Jul 2021  
Question :
“Persons with mental health conditions need a responsive care system that inspires hope and participation.” In the light of this statement, critically analyse the provisions of the mental health care Act 2017.
Hint: The Hindu
 
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