Mains Question for UPSC Aspirants

Mains Question for UPSC Aspirants

14 May 2022 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE    
Question : In ensuring the Social justice, what has been the role of “the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment”? Evaluate.

(GS Mains; Paper 2)
Social Justice
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
08 May 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : What is relevance of human development index to India ?

(GS Mains; Paper 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
01 May 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : "Urbanisation is going to be the single biggest agent of growth in the next few decades in India." Comment. 

(GS Mains; Paper 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
17 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : Expansion of the medical education Infrastructure is necessary for quality healthcare as better healthcare facilities fights poverty, helps in social justice. Do you concur with the statement; if yes, relate it to the various initiatives government has taken in recent times?

(GS Mains' Paper 1)

 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
10 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : What do you mean by Urban Agglomeration. Define the criteria for a place to be designated as Urban Agglomeration as per the census-2021 of India. Has there been any change in the rules compared to census-2011? Elaborate.

(GS Mains; Paper 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
03 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE    
Question : Explain the causes for increase in the incidence and rate of suicides in India.

(GS Mains; Paper 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
14 Mar 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : At 103 per 100,000 live births, Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India is still far from 12 per 100,000 in high-income countries and less than 70 as per SDG. In this backdrop, how can maternal mortality be checked as it is the answer to women’s empowerment and development. Discuss.

(GS Mains; Paper-1)
Indian Society: Women Empowerment
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
24 Feb 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : What are the steps of the Govt. to eliminate the inhumane practice of manual scavenging and uplift their socio-economic conditions? Why has it failed and what more can be done?

(GS Mains; Paper 1)
Government Policies
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
19 Feb 2022 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : ‘The Reservation Policy has failed to produce desired impact in terms of social justice.’ Comment.

(GS Mains; Paper 2)
Social Justice
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
15 Feb 2022 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : Critically examine the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the welfare and development of women in India.

(GS Mains; Paper 2)
(Social Justice)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
05 Feb 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : What are the factors responsible for modernisation of Indian tradition? 

(GS Mains; Paper 1)
Indian Society
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
27 Jan 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : Do you think that Regionalism in the traditional sense still exists or Regionalism in Indian polity has lost its bite? Express your opinion.

(GS Paper 1; Indian Society - Regionalism)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
25 Jan 2022 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE   
Question : Social welfare and social justice are complimentary to each other. Elaborate.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 2 – Social Justice)

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
23 Jan 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE        
Question : “Seeing the trend in Migration to cities and impending climate change there is need for building sustainable cities.”
In the backdrop of above statement, what do you mean by sustainable cities? How these cities should be ready to face the impacts of climate changes? Elaborate with suitable example.

GS MAINS; PAPER 1 & 3
(Urbanisation, Migration, Climate Change)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
15 Jan 2022 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : What must India do to turn its demographic opportunity into a dividend and ensure it is not squandered away?

(GS MAINS; Paper-1 - Population and Associated Issues)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
23 Dec 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE       
Question : If GoI does proceed with the plan to increase the legal age for marriage for women to 21 years from 18 it will increase their voice and presence in both public and private spheres outside the single matrix of marriage and child-bearing as the proposed law is in the interest of gender equality. Do you agree? Elaborate.
What are the bottlenecks for its implementation and what are the counter opinions to increasing the marriageable age of women?

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
14 Dec 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : What could be different methods of prejudice reduction with special reference to caste prejudice in Indian society?

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1) 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
03 Dec 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : The emigration of Indians has brought an old phrase ‘brain drain’ back into public conversation. But instead of bemoaning ‘Brain drain’ we should give way to ideas of ‘brain circulation’.   
This will support economic development and demographic transition. Comment.


(GS Mains; Paper-1, Population, Indian Society)
 
 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
01 Dec 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE   
Question : Discuss the consequences of migration at place of origin and at place of destination.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
30 Nov 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : What are the dimensions of caste-based inequalities in contemporary India?

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)

 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
27 Nov 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE      
Question : Critically analyse the role of Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB) with special reference to the welfare of the differently abled.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 2)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
22 Nov 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : To what extent did the socio-religious reform movements contribute to the emancipation of women in the nineteenth century. Discuss.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)

 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
19 Nov 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE    
Question : Examine the role of NGO’s for the upliftment of the underprivileged sections of the society.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 2)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
17 Nov 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : “There cannot be any meaningful social change in the absence of social justice”. Discuss.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 2)
 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
13 Nov 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : Analyze the impact of globalization on the social relations in Indian society.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)
 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
13 Oct 2021 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : "The concept of human rights is closely related to the dignity of the poor." Elaborate.
Throw a light on the contributions of National Human Rights Commission in this regard.

(GS MAINS PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
11 Oct 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : India needs an urbanisation policy to guide the management of cities towards enabling India’s growth ambitions in a sustainable manner. Discuss.

(GS MAINS PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
07 Oct 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : Child marriage is not only a violation of the rights, but also a serious hindrance to the development of our country. How can we beat back the scourge of underage marriages? Explain.

(GS MAINS PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
28 Sep 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : Getting united to ‘shout and demand’ economic growth and better economic policies will ensure a better delivery of social uplift in India than demanding 50% quota for women in all spheres of activity. Do you agree?  Support your answers.

(INDIAN SOCIETY)
(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
26 Sep 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : "Need to Indianise judiciary to make it litigant-friendly" -  What are the messages implicit in the statement made by the Chief Justice of India?
What will be its impact on Common People?

(GS Mains Paper 2)

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
16 Sep 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE     
Question : India is a country with a great culture where families are considered as preliminary schools rather than a group of blood relations because of togetherness that dwells in the generations that passed and those which are yet to arrive.
Despite having such a great culture intergenerational conflict in Indian society has risen. Enumerate the causes and suggest some ways to ameliorate the situation.

(Indian Society; GS Mains Paper 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
As a social institution, family in Indian society has played an important role in the upbringing of children. Family give all of us the primary lesson about the diversity that exists in India and tolerance towards it. Family use to work as a starting point to interact with society and children learn their primary piece of information from the family itself. However, this doesn't prevent the occurrence of intergenerational conflict in Indian society.
Rise of inter-generational conflict within Indian society and reasons behind it
The rise of conflict has been observed in various walks of life and family is not an exception. 
  • Feeling among the young generation that elders try to impose their authority creates friction points for intergenerational conflict. 
  • For example, ‘schedule dictation’ of when to wake up, what time to eat etc. cause conflicts. 
  • Another factor that matters is the growing belief among young children that they are more culturally advanced and the older generation is not able to recognise this fact. 
  • Moreover, the difference in attitudes to social customs and religious beliefs creates some serious level of conflict. For example, honour killing to oppose love marriage practice is the worst form of intergenerational conflicts. 
  • An additional reason for this social issue is that structure of the family is changing from joint to nuclear where interaction between two generations is less. This creates a situation of misunderstanding and growing alienation from one and another. 
  • Subsequent observation is that modernization processes are not in sync with the prevailing cultural values. People are leaving cultural values to gain individual interest. Family is not the only source of values in present-day society. Children can learn things from other mediums like the Internet and social media. Material prosperity has become the one and the only theme of present-day society and this put the elderly population in a disadvantageous position. 
This has led to violence against elderly people who cannot support their living. Respect for cultural diversity among the younger generation has reduced due to narrow social interest.
Ways to ameliorate the situation
The gap within the family has to be reduced, and at the same time interaction between the elderly and younger generations has to be increased. Social alienation needs to reduce both inside the family and outside it. The elderly generation has to understand the socio-psychological status of the younger generation and vice versa. 
Sensitivity towards ‘the needs and expectations of family members’ has to increase and one generation have to understand the needs of others.
Although the family is changing both its structure and role in modern times but their importance cannot be undermined. Their role as a primary stage for educating children is not going to be wither away, so there is a need for strengthening the working of the family to reduce the occurrence of intergenerational conflicts.


11 Sep 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : The marital rape exception is antithetical to women’s dignity, equality and autonomy. Comment in the light of recent developments.

(GS MAINS PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
Recently, the Kerala high court has made an observation that marital rape can be counted as a valid ground for divorce, albeit such conduct cannot be penalised, it falls in the frame of physical and mental cruelty. 
Another judgement of Chhattisgarh High Court that ‘Sexual intercourse by husband not rape, even if by force’ have raised the question about the validity of not making marital rape a crime against women. 
In simple terms, Marital rape defines as the practice of forcefully having sexual intercourse with a spouse. It is interesting to know that India is one of the only 36 countries to not criminalize marital rape yet. Social values in India does not recognize this practice as wrong let alone the legal provisions.
The Supreme Court whenever confronted with the issue of marital rape has refrained from declaring marital rape as part of rape crime, rather they have left this matter for the legislative to deal with. However, the Kerala High court recent observation can help the judiciary and legislative to look into this matter again.
Against dignity, equality and autonomy of women
Marital rape is the worst form of domestic violence which puts women in a disadvantaged position where she suffers from the loss of self-esteem and feels humiliated every day. The non-criminal nature of marital rape implies that married women are not a legal entity rather a subject under her husband command. This practice is also not aligned with the notion of sexual privacy and autonomy over our own bodies. 
Not recognizing marital rape is a clear violation of Article 21 of the Indian constitution which recognizes the right of a dignified life as a fundamental right of every Indian citizen. Exception 2 of section 375 of IPC works against married women by refusing them equal protection from rape and sexual harassment. This categorization is a direct violation of the test of reasonable classification provided under Article 14 of the Constitution. Judicial interpretation on various occasions has given more importance to the sanctity of marriage which indirectly re-establishes the notion of male supremacy and women inferior position in the marriage institutions.
In the eyes of the constitution, every citizen is equal and have the right to live a dignified life, and marital rape is a direct violation of that principle. The Justice Verma Committee had said that “a rape that actually occurs cannot legislatively be simply wished away”. 
The elimination of Exception 2 of Section 375 and the punishment for marital rape being on par with the one prescribed under Section 376 would eventually lead to the holistic development of the criminal judiciary in our country. The legislative bodies have to take a strong position and show the political will to address this situation by criminalizing marital rape. A strong and vehement demand from the women and related organisations will certainly expedite the legislation on this exception of the Indian Penal code.


06 Sep 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : Do you think that India's recent performance at the Tokyo Paralympics has emboldened the Divayanga to overcome  the social barriers ? What more can be done to  develop the sports infrastructure and facilities for these athletes so that they get the same recognition and applause as their normal counterparts. Elaborate

(GS MAINS PAPER 1)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
10 Aug 2021 gs-mains-paper-2 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question :

What do you mean by 'New Social Contract' for Indigenous people advocated by the UN. What benefits will be achieved with this initiative?

(GS MAINS PAPER 2)

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
06 Aug 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question :

Suggest some ways to bridge the gap of accessibility to justice between the highly privileged and the most vulnerable.

(GS MAINS PAPER 1)

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
04 Aug 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question :

In context to the Indian Women's  performance in Tokyo Olympics, Critically analyse how women have been able to break "Glass Ceiling".

(GS Main Paper 1)

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
The term glass ceiling is a metaphor used to describe the invisible barrier or invisible upper limit that prevents women to rise above this limit in any organisation or in any institution.
Tokyo Olympics 2020 will be considered as the most diverse and gender-equal Olympics out of all the Olympics that have been held so far. According to the International Olympics Committee (IOC), almost 49 per cent of the athletes that have participated in Tokyo Olympics 2020 are women and this is the first gender-balanced game in the history of the Olympics game.
Indian women's performance in Tokyo Olympics is a concrete example of breaking the glass ceiling. Indian women participated in several games where only men used to participate earlier. But today they not only participated but also win the game. For example, Mira Bai Chanu won silver in weight lifting.
Today Women have been able to break the ceiling to some extent because -
  1. Understanding is the foundation to combat the glass ceiling, and through the understanding of the gender discrepancies, women are able to break different kinds of barriers, including the gender roles perceptions.
  2. By recognizing the way gender equality need arising and the gender roles are just social constructs that are unique to different culture, Women are actively involved in the conversation with society over the issue of the gender roles, gender biases and stereotypes that limit women from moving up in their professional life. This process not only enhances their understanding but also of their surroundings of how to overcome it.
  3. Establishment of anti-discrimination and gender-neutral policies by several governments and active involvement of international organizations on gender issues helping women to combat the glass ceiling.
  4. Gendered roles are getting discarded due to the transmission of information technology and education facilities in this globalized world. People are getting aware of the existing gender-related biases and taking an active part in breaking them. For example, recently Supreme Court of India has delivered a judgement through which girls can also take part in prestigious National Defence Academy (NDA) exam.
As we have mention it's only true to some extent that women have been able to break the glass ceiling In the 21st century but still there is a mile to go. 
There are several facts that project that the glass ceiling is still prominent in several fields. For example, in the majority of the companies, 90% of leadership roles are held by men, and only 38.6% of managerial roles are given to women. Women get less wage than men for the same kind of job and are often treated as incompetent and face sexual violence at the workplace. Even after 75 years of independence, there has been no women chief justice of India.  
Although phenomenon like glass ceiling still exists yet, Tokyo Olympic witnesses the breaking of the glass ceiling in sports. This phenomenon can be addressed only through a coordinated approach by all stakeholders of society. The absence of the glass ceiling will help in the establishment of an egalitarian society where both men and women have equal opportunities to grow and live up to their best form. Today the notion of the glass ceiling is breaking because of several factors. The recent Tokyo Olympics is a concrete example where 49% of women participated in such games thah once used to be dominated by men.


21 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question :

“India is neither a melting pot nor a salad bowl but a thali.” In the light of this statement discuss how communalism acts as a catalyst to political and social tensions in the state.

[GS Mains Paper I]

Hint: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/accepting-radical-otherness/article35433525.ece
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/religion-and-freedom-the-hindu-editorial-on-india-and-communal-violence/article31475603.ece

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
15 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE   
Question :

How far do you think that India needs a policy for the regulation of its population?

[GS Mains Paper II]


Hint: The Hindu

Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
09 Jul 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE       
Question : Discuss the impact of technology on the lives of women in India.

(GS Mains; Paper 1 & Paper 3)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
Technology in the era of globalization has changed the lives of millions of women all around the world. This is true not only for those women who are living in the developed countries but also for those who are living in developing countries.
Impact of Technology on Women
Technology is a double-edged sword for women because, on the one hand, it has empowered women in positive ways but on the other hand, it has also made them vulnerable in some areas.
The positive impact of technology on women as be seen in the following ways:
A Platform for Expression: Technology has enabled women to express themselves freely to play an active role in the development of themselves and at the same time contribute to the overall well- being of the society at large. For example, Mission Mangal by the ISRO was led by women scientists.
Way to Empower: Technology has also empowered women to develop their own distinct identities and break the glass ceiling. Through the use of technology, they can reach out to any authority in order to fulfil their needs. For example, the #Me_too movement has shown that technology can help women to share their personal experiences.
Financial Enabler: For rural women, technology has provided new opportunities to express themselves and use it for education purposes, strengthening their economic position, finding new job opportunities etc. Technology such as DTH has made it possible for female farmers to get aware of new technology and apply it for agricultural productivities and find the right price for farm produce. Technological advancement in the Banking sector has enabled women from rural areas to get financial services without any hurdle.
Last but not the least, technology makes women participate in the world as equals.
Although technology contributes in a positive way as mentioned earlier there are certain challenges that come with the increasing uses of technology for women.
Victims of Online Abuses: On average 95% of women have reported that they have faced sexual abuse over online platforms.
Lack of Equal Access to Technology: This has also placed women in a disadvantageous position. According to the CMIS survey, only 39 % of women have their own mobile handset. Women also lack sufficient information and skills required to get the best out of technology.
The Social Stigma Attached to Women using Internet Service: Has also affected women technological empowerment in a negative way. A notion like women have to handle housework and men will become bread earners restricts their chances of getting technological know-how.
In a nutshell, it can be observed that technology is an enabler for many women in order to achieve a good and prosperous life, but there requires addressing those challenges which are acting against the interest of women and their relationship with technology. Central government initiatives such as Vigyan Joyti, web wander women etc are the good step in the right direction.


22 Jun 2021 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : COVID-19 and related lockdown impacted many sections of society including children. In this context critically analyse how POCSO Act was useful in meeting the needs of children?

Hint: A-Cube IAS YouTube Channel
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
25 May 2021 gs-mains-paper-1 SOCIAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 
Question : Expanding the scope of POCSO Act is necessary to account for the reporting of historical child sexual abuse in India. Critically analyse.

(GS MAINS; PAPER 1)

 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
The POCSO Act 2012 seeks to protect children from offences such as sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and to safeguard the interest and well-being of children.
There are several salient features of this act like it is a gender-neutral act, defines child as any person below eighteen years of age, provision of medical examination and special courts for speedy justice delivery, mandatory reporting of child sexual offences, criminalizing child sex and child pornography and penalizing provisions, which act as deterrence against possible offences against children.
However, according to NCRB, there is a rise in the number of cases since 2015-16, which shows that there is some deficiency that should be addressed. another major defect of POCSO is its inability to deal with historical cases.
Historical child sexual abuse refers to incidents that are reported late. These cases are reported late because it's hard for a child to report at the earliest time as offences are intrafamilial or related to the institution where they reside.
Once delay in filing cases, it dilutes the efficacy of the prosecution’s case. the major drawback of delayed reporting is the lack of evidence to advance prosecution. As hardly any physical evidence is found in delayed reporting, result is less prosecution.
Another major reason for delayed reporting is, there is a lack of procedural guidance as to how to prosecute historical cases of child sexual abuse in India, unlike the UK where everything is explicitly mentioned.
There is not only a general barrier as mentioned above but also a Legal barrier too. There is a legal barrier against the registration of historical child sexual offences like
  • CrPC prohibit judicial magistrates from taking cognisance of cases beyond a specific time period.
  • Any reporting of an offence, under Section 354 of the IPC, more than three years after the date of the incident would be barred by the CrPC.
Such a scenario renders historical reporting of child sexual offences which took place before 2012 legally implausible. So, there is need to get rid of above mentioned provisions of CrPC as circumstances around child sexual abuse must not be viewed in the same manner as other criminal offences.
Hence, India needs to review the law in the line with the UN Convention on the rights of children. Today there is an urgent need to reform and revise our laws and expand the scope of the POCSO Act to resolve historical reporting of child sexual abuse and ensure justice.



SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER