Mains Question for UPSC Aspirants

Mains Question for UPSC Aspirants

30 Jun 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE    
Question : Q. Why abortion must be debated as an ethical issue? Discuss dilemma and ethical solution to handle such situations.

Decode the Question:
  • Start with expressing the ethical issues involved in abortion.
  • Discuss the dilemma associated with abortion and provide suitable solutions.
  • Conclude by suggesting some Ethical approaches to abortion.

Submit your answer and get it checked by our mentors 
Model Answers will be uploaded by the end of the day
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT A-CUBE IAS Answer :
From an ethical standpoint, the debate over pregnancy termination is between a woman’s right over her body and the foetus’s right to life.
Judith Jarvis Thomson, an American philosopher, advocated for the supremacy of a woman’s right over her body as a premise of freedom. She argued that one cannot force a woman to bear a child in her womb and give birth to a child if she does not want to do so for various reasons. Thomson said that the timing of the abortion is a key difference.
She emphasised that for those who support abortion, the foetus is not a live human being during the period of conception or in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy.
According to feminist and psychologist Carol Gilligan, when deciding to terminate a pregnancy voluntarily, a woman faces a true “moral dilemma” or “moral conflict,” because such a decision frequently takes into account human relationships, the possibility of not hurting others, and responsibility towards others.

Pro-life versus pro-choice dilemma
According to ‘The Ethical Dilemma of Abortion’ by Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East, the pro-life versus pro-choice dilemma is one of the longest debated issues in the United States today, causing ethical tensions. This complex quandary continues to perplex biomedical ethicists because it is intertwined with normative assessment, politics, law, medicine, religion, and ethics.
  • Pro-life Arguments: The pro-life or anti-abortion argument is based on three principles: the Human Rights Principle, the Mens Rea Principle, and the Harm Principle.
    • According to the Mens Rea Principle, “the agent’s intentions should be given weight.” Thus, abortion violates this principle because the agent intentionally kills another, and the pregnancy is terminated deliberately and knowingly.
    • Abortion violates the Harm Principle, which states that “no one should inflict serious harm on other people.”
  • Pro-choice Arguments: Abortions, according to the absolutist pro-choice position, are ethically justifiable and, as a result, should be performed as long as the procedure is safe. The pro-choice argument states that the woman should be free to make her own decisions as an individual, and these decisions are considered self-regarding because the foetus is only a potential person, not the ‘other’ as the pro-life argument holds.
  • Ethical approaches to abortion
Bioethics contends that ethical approaches to abortion frequently invoke four principles.
  • Respect for patients’ autonomy
  • Nonmaleficence (do no harm)
  • Beneficence (beneficial care) and
  • Justice
Respect for autonomy is enshrined in laws governing informed consent, which protects patients’ right to be informed about their medical options and to make an informed voluntary decision.
Respect for autonomy, according to some bioethicists, lends firm support to the right to choose abortion, arguing that if a pregnant person wishes to end their pregnancy, the state should not interfere.
One interpretation of this view holds that the principle of autonomy means that a person owns their body and should be free to decide what happens in and to it.

References: Indian Express


20 May 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE      
Question : What are Competencies of civil servant and why are they Important?

(GS Mains; Paper 4)


 
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
19 May 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE     
Question : What is Sarvodaya? Explain its relevance in present day governance.

(GS Main; Paper 4)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
30 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE       
Question : As a Secretary to the Ministry of Education, what would you do to enhance the motivational level of students reducing the dropouts from schools in India ?

(GS Mains; Paper 4)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
14 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE     
Question : Elucidate role of Dr. Ambedkar as a moral philosopher. 

(GS Mains; Paper 4)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
11 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE    
Question : If we succeeded in changing attitudes toward a specific behaviour in a group of subjects, would this attitudinal change also produce behavioural change? Discuss. 

(GS Mains; Paper 4)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
09 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE    
Question : Discuss how individuals can become aware of and cope with various forms of negative social influence.

(GS Mains; Paper 4)
Social Influence
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT
01 Apr 2022 gs-mains-paper-4 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDE     
Question : What are the psycho-social determinants of begging? As a police officer what will you do to restrain beggars from begging at traffic lights? Give your opinion.

(GS Mains; Paper 4)
Write or upload your answer - SUBMIT

SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER