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It is the process through which fertile and productive land become degraded and unfit for useful activities like agriculture.

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Shenzhou-12, meaning ‘Divine Vessel’, will be the third of 11 missions needed to complete China's space station by 2022.

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A government panel studying COVID-19 vaccine side effects have confirmed the first death, due to anaphylaxis, following COVID-19 vaccination.

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The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

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Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identity number that can be obtained voluntarily by residents or passport holders of India, based on their biometric and demographic data.

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The Assam government has proposed the realignment of a broad gauge railway line through the Deepor Beel, an ‘Important Bird Area’ designated under the Ramsar Convention of Wetlands.

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Attitude is a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour or disfavour.

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The Lead Bank Scheme, introduced towards the end of 1969, envisages assignment of lead roles to individual banks (both in public sector and private sector) for the districts allotted to them A bank having a relatively large network of branches in the rur

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Banks Board Bureau (BBB) is an autonomous body of the Government of India tasked to Search and Select apposite personages for Board of Public Sector Banks, Mission Indradhanush for PSBs, Composition of Bank Board Bureau, Function of Bank Board Bureau, Iss

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A promissory note, a note payable, is a legal instrument, Types of Promissory Notes, Importance of Promissory Notes, Student Loan Promissory Note, Real Estate Promissory Note, Personal Loan Promissory Notes, Commercial Promissory Note, Investment Promiss

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A participatory note is an instrument issued by a registered foreign institutional investor (FII) to an overseas investor who wishes to invest in Indian stock markets without registering themselves with the market regulator, SEBI, Advantages, disadvantage

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In a bid to ensure that workers had a strong reason to stay back despite COVID-19 challengers, contractors working on National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) projects worked overtime.

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If the funds deposited can be withdrawn by the customer (depositor / account holder) at any time without any advanced notice to banks; it is called demand deposit.

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Call money is minimum short-term finance repayable on demand, with a maturity period of one to fourteen days or overnight to a fortnight.

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The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme was announced in the Budget speech of 1998-99 to fulfil the financial requirements of the farmers at various stages of farming through institutional credit.

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Malware is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network.

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The Mekong, or Mekong River, is a trans-boundary river in East Asia and Southeast Asia.

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Papikonda National Park is located near Rajamahendravaram in the Papi Hills in East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh, and covers an area of 1,012.86 km2.

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The Talanoa Dialogue was launched at COP 23 under the Presidency of the Republic of Fiji.

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The Under2 Coalition is a coalition of subnational governments that aims to achieve greenhouse gases emissions mitigation.

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A wholesale price index (WPI) is an index that measures and tracks the changes in the price of goods in the stages before the retail level. Published by the Office of Economic Adviser, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

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A zero-coupon bond is a debt security that does not pay interest but instead trades at a deep discount, rendering a profit at maturity, when the bond is redeemed for its full face value.

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The Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP) launched in 1978 and implemented during 1980 is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme funded on a 50:50 basis by the centre and the states It is considered one of the best yojanas to do away with poverty related pr

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Minor minerals are those which are prescribed by Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (section 3(e)) as being categorized as ‘minor minerals’. Any mineral which by the notification of the Central Government may declare to be a minor m

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The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (earlier Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, first created in July 2014) was set up in November 2014 to drive the ‘Skill India’ agenda in a ‘Mission Mode’.

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Purchasing power parity is a measurement of prices in different countries that uses the prices of specific goods to compare the absolute purchasing power of the countries’ currencies.

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Statutory liquidity ratio is the minimum percentage of deposits that a commercial bank has to maintain in the form of liquid cash, gold or other approved securities.

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Disasters in India, India is one of the most disaster prone country in the world, Definition, List of various Disasters, NATURAL HAZARDS - CAUSES, DISTRIBUTION PATTERN, CONSEQUENCE, AND MITIGATION MEASURES, Earthquake, Manmade hazards, Typical adverse eff

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The Augmented reality is an interactive experience of a real-world environment, where the objects that reside in the real world are enhanced by computer generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, audi

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LISA Pathfinder, formerly Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology-2 (SMART-2), launched on 3 December 2015

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A black hole is a region of space-time where gravity is so strong that no particles or even electromagnetic radiation such as light can escape from it.

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Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977, to study the outer planets and interstellar space beyond the Sun's heliosphere

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New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched by NASA as a part of NASA's New Frontiers program

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Wearable technology, also known as "wearables", is a category of electronic devices that can be worn as accessories, embedded in clothing, implanted in the user's body

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Vulnerability describes the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard.

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Integrated farming systems may comprise more than one farm enterprises (viz. crops, dairying, poultry, beekeeping, fisheries, agro forestry mushroom cultivation etc.)

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THAAD is an acronym for Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, a transportable, ground-based missile defense system.

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Plasma gasification is an emerging technology which can process landfill waste to extract commodity recyclables and convert carbon-based materials into fuels.

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A digital signature is a type of electronic signature for verifying and validating the integrity and authenticity of any digital document, message or software etc.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule composed of two polynucleotide chains that coil around each other to form a double helix carrying genetic instructions for the development, functioning, growth and reproduction of all known organisms and many viru

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Chlorophyll is a green pigment found in plants. Chlorophyll is essential in photosynthesis, allowing plants to absorb energy from light.

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India is planning to establish its own space station by 2023 and the modalities will be worked out after its first manned space mission, Gaganyaan, is complete. It is planning for a separate space station. That space station will be small. It will launch

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Contemporary Notable Scientists from India, Ashoke Sen, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Professor C. S. Unnikrishnan, White Revolution, Green Revolution, Satellite and Communication Revolution, Drugs and vaccines manufacturing, IT Revolution and Railway Compute

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INS Astradharini is an indigenously designed and built torpedo launch and recovery vessel built by Shoft Shipyard for the Indian Navy.  It was commissioned on 06th October 2015 at the Naval Base in Visakhapatnam. INS Astradharini is a replacement of INS

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 The Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was launched on May 2015 to create a universal social security system for all Indians, especially the poor, the under-privileged and the workers in the unorganized sector. 

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National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments and settlement systems in India, is an initiative of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Indian Banks’ Association (IBA) under the provisions of the Payment

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Government of India launched the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) in November 2015, to improve the financial health and operational efficiency of India’s debt-ridden power distribution companies (discoms). 

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what is Foreign direct investment and how different it is from Foreign Portfolio Investment, Routes through which India gets FDI, Sectors that come under up to 100% Automatic Route' category, FDI prohibition

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An Appropriation Bill is a money bill that allows the government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet its expenses during a financial year.

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Article 110 of the Constitution deals with the definition of money bills, definition, speciality

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currency swap operation, also known as a cross currency swap, the counterparties can hedge their exchange rate and interest rate risk and also reduce the cost of funding

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What are the objectives of the Asian Clearing Union? When was the Asian Clearing Union established? Read to know more. For UPSC 2022

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sustainable cities india program, Cities are economic powerhouses, The main impacts of climate change cities should prepare for, A case study of Cape Town and Chennai

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